insectos y invertebrados en extincion en chile

Insectos y otros invertebrados en peligro

 

En Chile, muy pocos insectos tienen problemas de conservación. Sin embargo, existe una especie que está en estado Vulnerable desde 2006 y es la libélula Phyllopetalia excrescens. Esta es endémica del centro de Chile, de las Regiones Metropolitana y del Maule. Su estado de conservación se debe a la alta degradación de su hábitat producto de las actividades agrícolas, mineras y de construcción.
También existen otras especies amenazadas como la Madre de la culebra (Acanthinodera cummingi) y el Ciervo volante (Chiasognathus Grantti). Estas dos especies son de gran tamaño, por lo que son llamativas y la gente los atrapa como adornos u otros fines (venta).
En cuanto al resto de los invertebrados, la lista es mucho más larga. Algunas de las especies que se encuentran en Peligro de Extinción son: los cangrejos Aegla papudo, Aegla laevis laevis y Aegla spectabilis, el camarón Virilastacus rucapihuelensis, la centolla Lithodes antarctica y el centollón Paralomis granulosa. En estado Vulnerable están: los camarones Cryphiops caementarius, Samastacus spinifrons, Parastacus pugnax, Parastacus nicoleti y los cangrejos Aegla laevis talcahuano, Aegla bahamondei, Aegla cholchol, Aegla manni, Aegla hueicollensis y Aegla alacalufi.
Entre los moluscos, el caso más conocido es el del Loco (Concholepas concholepas), que está en Peligro de Extinción, ya que su explotación ha sido muy intensa en los últimos años y por esta razón se le aplican constantes vedas.

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